Report on Attendance of Islamic Republic of Iran at 58th Session of Scientific and Technical Subcommittee (STSC) of UN COPUOS
The official statement of the Islamic Republic of Iran was delivered at the 58th session of the Scientific and Technical Subcommittee of COPUOS on April 27, 2021.
The statement emphasized the inherent role and responsibility of COPUOS in paving the way for the transfer of science, knowledge and technology without discrimination between the developed and developing countries. Referring to the sanctions of the US government against the space-related entities of the Islamic Republic of Iran in 2019, the statement also called the action illegal and in violation of international standards, including the free access of space to all countries.
It was further stated that the increasing number of space debris and satellite constellations could lead to a key challenge in the field of sustainable use of space. It is obvious that all countries have common but different responsibilities in this regard; therefore, the environmental issues about satellite constellations should become a priority on the agenda of the COPUOS.
The consideration of all countries’ interests in the document of the long-term sustainability of outer space activities was another important issue that was emphasized in the statement of the Islamic Republic of Iran. The statement also provided a report on the capabilities of “Pars-1” satellite and the testing of new Iranian satellite-launch vehicles (SLVs).
In its statement, the Islamic Republic of Iran referred to the measures taken to develop the space technology applications in its society and presented a report on the scientific and promotional activities conducted in the field of space. Criticising the unilateral actions of some countries that are undermining multilateralism and announcing the holding of "International workshop on the use of space technology for drought, flood and water resources management" in cooperation with the United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA) in Iran in the near future were the other points mentioned in the statement.
The Delegation of our country to this session made their statements under the agenda items 6, Remote sensing, 10, Space weather, 11, Near-Earth objects, and 16, Geostationary orbit at this meeting. The Representatives from University of Tehran and Aerospace Research Institute also delivered their technical presentations entitled “Smart Space Communications using 3D Beam Steering Plasma Antennas” and “The Current and Future Applications of Thermal Infrared Remotely-Sensed Data for Global Warming Studies”.
Finally, the delegation of Islamic Republic of Iran made a proposal to the Subcommittee to establish a sub-item under the agenda item 16 relating to the use of the geostationary orbit in order to identify deficiencies in the current regime regulating its use. The establishment of such a sub-item would give countries, in particular developing countries, an opportunity to elaborate on why the equitability of access to the geostationary orbit was in question, and why the current regime was not capable of ensuring such access. Despite the support of some countries’ representatives, this proposal was not unanimously agreed due to the opposition of the representatives of Britain, the Netherlands and the United States.
At this session, the Subcommittee elected Mr R. Umamaheswaran (from India) as Chair of the Working Group on the Long-term Sustainability of Outer Space Activities and convened the Working Group under the agenda item 12. The Subcommittee recommended that the Committee make arrangements that would afford the Working Group on the Long-term Sustainability of Outer Activities the opportunity to meet at the sixty-fourth session of the Committee, with the benefit of interpretation services.