The comprehensive document on country aerospace development was approved in the 728th session of the Supreme Council of the Cultural Revolution on January 8, 2013 and based on the approval of the Steering Committee of the Supreme Scientific Plan of the country and in the implementation of paragraph A of the first part of the fifth chapter of the comprehensive scientific plan of the country, and the approval of the 657th session of the Supreme Council of the Cultural Revolution.
The present document is relevant to the development of science, technology and knowledge-based industries of the country's aerospace sector, including all institutions and factors that are involved somehow in exploration and use of air and space for applications such as media and telecommunications activities, imaging, tracking and moving payloads in air and space.
The activities of this sector include education and research, technology acquisition and development, industrial activities, and service provision; furthermore, due to the high speed of its technological developments and the short distance between research and industrial implementation as one of its most important features, the aerospace sector can be considered completely knowledge-based in this respect.
Moreover, from the perspective of the upstream documents, aerospace is of special importance and has been identified in the Comprehensive Scientific Road Map of the country as one of the objectives of the science and technology system and as priorities "A" of technology. Aerospace also plays an important role in the development of other priority technologies.
The rapid growth of satellite telecommunications, predicting the multiplication of global market for Earth observation demand up to 2020, estimated market of over three thousand billion dollars for commercial aircraft in the next twenty years, and the huge and growing volume of Aviation services which indicates a growth of aviation industry by nearly 50% in terms of revenue passenger kilometers (RPKs) between 2000 and 2010 all confirm the economic importance of the issue. Moreover, the knowledge-based nature of a large part of the activities in this sector and the labor market assessment of about one million people in the region in 2009 has doubled its economic importance.
The role of this sector in strengthening national authority and security, the advancement of science and technology in other fields and the benefits of the overflow of developed or localized technologies to other sectors are also among the other factors that have made aerospace, globally, a strategic sector.
Moreover, recent achievements of our country, especially in designing, making and launching satellites, and various aircrafts have increased national dignity and self-confidence and raised the level of the Islamic Republic of Iran in the eyes of international observers.
Some special features, capacities, and capabilities of the Islamic Republic of Iran, such as the vast land and privileged geopolitical position of the country, the experience of achieving the ability of building, launching and putting satellites into space, a long history in aviation activities and the suitable airport infrastructure, navigation equipment and maintenance, great universities and research centers, and talented, elite and specialized manpower, indicate the need for special attention to this sector.
Existing such capacities and capabilities in addition to the possible opportunities ahead will promise great success in the not-too-distant future; successes that will not be out of reach if a comprehensive plan is created and the continuous and sympathetic efforts of the aerospace actors are made.
Chapter 1: Specific definitions
Document: Comprehensive Document on country aerospace development (The present document);
Aerospace sector: All institutions and entities involved in the use of space and air and the development of related sciences and technologies for telecommunication applications, detection and transportation;
Airspace: The area around the Earth up to the height limited by international conventions;
Outer space: the area upper than the specified by international conventions above the Earth's surface;
Aviation industry: all aspects of air travel and the activities that help to facilitate it, including preparation, updating and deployment of flight, safety and service operations of aviation systems such as aircraft, helicopters and UAVs in the airspace.
Space industry: all space or ground-based products and services related to space use or exploration, including telecommunications, Earth observation, remote sensing, navigation and positioning, space security, biospace and space science and exploration.
Chapter 2: Vision
Believing in the help of the Lord of the heavens and the Earth and relying on Him, on the horizon of 1404 AH, the aerospace sector of the Islamic Republic of Iran will be a hub with the development of science and technology and its dissemination:
- Authoritative and effective in national security;
- Efficient and reliable in meeting the strategic and current needs of the Iranian society and the world;
- In accordance with Islamic-Iranian culture and values;
- Capable of creating wealth, designing, developing and producing products and providing aerospace services;
- Inspirational and honor-laden in expanding the frontiers of knowledge and developing aerospace technology;
- Driver of other areas of science, technology, industry and services;
- Knowledge-based and capable in applying the latest scientific, research and technological findings.
Chapter 3: Fundamental values
The fundamental values mentioned in the comprehensive scientific map of the country as the fundamental values of all sectors of science, technology and innovation, also govern this document. In this regard, the following items are defined as the fundamental values of the country's aerospace sector:
- Justice-oriented being in the development of the aerospace sector and the exploitation of achievements;
- Strengthening and nurturing talent, creativity, innovation, risk-taking, courage and self-sacrifice;
- Paying attention to the principle of rationality in the macro management of the field and honouring science and scientist, and legally and morally respecting intellectual-scientific creations and using them within the framework of the Islamic value system and establishing monotheism and justice;
- Seeking a perfecting, empowering, wealth-creating science and technology in harmony with the environment and the spiritual, physical and mental health of members of society;
- Being inspiring in interactions with the global environment and science and technology development processes in the world;
- being ethical based, prioritizing public interests over individual and group interests, strengthening the spirit of cooperation and participation and responsibility among scientific community and related institutions;
- Knowing all space resources as the Common Heritage of Mankind, including celestial bodies and orbits, and exploiting them under a just legal system.
Chapter 4: Macro-policies
- Emphasis on the production of indigenous science and the development of related sciences, theorizing in the field of production of additional philosophies related to the aerospace sector based on Islamic epistemological principles;
- Maximum use of internal power and activation of capacities;
- Responsibility in preserving and promoting the environment;
- Creating a fair opportunity for individuals, companies and institutions to participate in the development of the sector;
- Organized management of cultural effects and consequences of the country's aerospace development plans and preparation of cultural annexes for them;
- The observance of the national technology diplomacy framework in international aerospace activities and partnerships;
- The exploitation of aerospace technology overflow in other sectors;
- Creating the maximum participation in all effective actors and institutions;
- Prioritizing the non-governmental sector in implementation with an emphasis on maintaining the policy-making and oversight role of the government;
- Observance of the principles of passive defense and protection of technology in the development of the sector;
- Transparency of duties and Distinguishing between policymakers and supervisors from implementation;
- Focus on the policy-making and macro oversight;
- Efforts to improve the system management and knowledge accumulation in organizations;
- Prioritizing the promotion of human resources and the recruitment of elites as the main factor in the development of technology;
- Prioritizing short-term and innovative solutions and developing core capabilities and competencies;
- Creating a platform for economic and social activities in this sector while maintaining the lasting security of the Islamic Republic of Iran.
Chapter 5: Macro Objectives and Strategies
Considering the differences in the three strategic areas of space, aviation and aerospace defense, major objectives and strategies for these areas inspired by the comprehensive aerospace development document are as follows:
5-1. Space industry
5-1-A) Macro Level Objectives of Space Field
- Understanding the magnitude and order of the universe and the heavens and discovering the wisdom and power of the Creator of the world by spreading science and technology and space exploration;
- Achieving the first place in conquering and dominating space in the region through the related science and technologies and using capabilities of universities and scientific and research centers of the country;
- Conducting manned space missions and sending man to the earth orbit with an emphasis on indigenous science, technology, and industry through participation of the Muslim world and international cooperation;
- Designing, manufacturing, launching, and utilizing satellites in Geosynchronous orbit and other orbits with such applications as communication and remote sensing with priority given to local technology and industry through participation of the Muslim world and international cooperation;
- Developing access to space-based communication services and infrastructure in order to meet national, regional, international, public, and commercial requirements compatible with land-based communications platforms;
- Achieving the necessary technology to meet service requirements of remote sensing and earth observation with less than 10-meter precision;
- Contributing to positioning, navigating, and timing at national and regional levels of competitive quality compatible with international standards;
5-1-B) Macro Level Strategies of Space Field
- Consolidating all the measures related to policymaking, governance, coordination, and accumulation of knowledge and implementation of macro aerospace programs through exploiting maximum capability of the governmental and non-governmental institutions and entities;
- Supporting privatization and providing the required platform to create knowledge-based industries in the aerospace domain;
- Providing purposeful support for educational-research activities and scientific hubs in aerospace domain;
- Intelligently and actively developing international cooperation and interactions in order to advance space programs while protecting and preserving space assets of the country;
- Using space achievements in understanding the universe, developing astrophysics and astronomy, reviewing the Islamic resources in this domain, and analyzing their congruence with modern science;
- Supporting basic researches relying on Islamic knowledge foundation in an attempt to produce, develop, and strengthen basic sciences in aerospace;
- Designing, manufacturing, and operating launching vehicles for the required satellites including satellites equipped with a biological capsule and geosynchronous satellites;
- Promoting space science, technologies, and achievements in different social classes, particularly young people and the elites.