International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
ITU is the United Nations specialized agency for information and communication technologies – ICTs.
ITU is the United Nations specialized agency for information and communication technologies – ICTs. Founded in 1865 to facilitate international connectivity in communications networks, It allocates global radio spectrum and satellite orbits, develops the technical standards that ensure networks and technologies seamlessly interconnect, and strives to improve access to ICTs to underserved communities worldwide. As a Matter of fact, Every time people make a phone call via the mobile, access the Internet or send an email, they are benefitting from the work of ITU.
Established originally to manage the first international telegraph networks, ITU adopted its current name in 1934 to reflect its expanded responsibilities over radio and the telephone. On 15 November 1947, the ITU entered into an agreement with the newly created United Nations to become a specialized agency within the UN system, which formally entered into force on 1 January 1949.
Based in Geneva, Switzerland, the ITU's global membership includes 193 countries and around 900 business, academic institutions, and international and regional organizations.
ITU promotes the shared global use of the radio spectrum, facilitates international cooperation in assigning satellite orbits, assists in developing and coordinating worldwide technical standards, and works to improve telecommunication infrastructure in the developing world. It is also active in the areas of broadband Internet, wireless technologies, aeronautical and maritime navigation, radio astronomy, satellite-based meteorology, TV broadcasting, and next-generation networks.
The Union comprises three Sectors as follows, each managing a different aspect of the matters handled by the Union, as well as ITU Telecom. The sectors were created during the restructuring of ITU at its 1992 Plenipotentiary Conference:
Radio communication (ITU-R)
Established in 1927 as the International Radio Consultative Committee (CCIR; from its French name), this Sector manages the international radio-frequency spectrum and satellite orbit resources. In 1992, CCIR became ITU-R.
Standardization was the original purpose of ITU since its inception. Established in 1956 as the International Telephone and Telegraph Consultative Committee (CCITT; from its French name), this Sector standardizes global telecommunications (except for radio). In 1993, the CCITT became the ITU-T. The Standardization work is undertaken by Study Groups, such as Study Group 13 on Networks and Study Group 16 on Multimedia. The parent body of the Study Groups is the quadrennial World Telecommunication Standardization Assembly. New work areas can be developed in Focus Groups, such as the Focus Group on Machine Learning for 5G and the ITU-WHO Focus Group on Artificial Intelligence for Health.
Established in 1992, this Sector helps spread equitable, sustainable and affordable access to information and communication technologies (ICT). It also provides the Secretariat for the Broadband Commission for Sustainable Development.
ITU Telecom organizes major events for the world's ICT community.
In addition, a permanent General Secretariat, headed by the Secretary General, manages the day-to-day work of the Union and its sectors.
Iran's membership in this international organization dates back to 1869, four years after the establishment of the Union, when “the former Iranian Ministry of Posts, Telegraphs and Telephones” became a member of the Union on behalf of the government of Iran. Through signing the “Constitution and Convention of ITU” by the representative of the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran on June 30, 1989, and subsequently; its approval by Islamic Parliament of Iran in implementation of Articles 77 and 125 of the Constitution on March 9, 1992, The Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran became a member of ITU.
The link to see the full text of the approved articles in Farsi:
At present, Communications Regulatory Authority (CRA) of I.R. of Iran as supervisory and executive power of the Ministry of Information and Communication Technology in the sector of Radio and Communication Regulatory is representing and attending as the first responsible entity in ITU, and both Iranian Space Agency and the Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting (IRIB) are partner Organizations in relation to the Union.